Railways: The rail industry’s biggest driver of pollution, according to new study
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Railways are the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions globally, and the largest carbon emitters of greenhouse gases globally.
That is, the biggest contributors to the overall greenhouse gas (GHG) burden of the transport industry are railways.
In a new study, India’s National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP) found that in the last five years, the railways have been responsible for more than two-thirds of the GHG burden of Indian economy.
The study, titled ‘Railways and the greenhouse gas burden’, was conducted by NIPFP as part of its research on carbon emissions and the environment.
It also looked at the economic and environmental impact of the railway sector on the health and environment of India’s population.
“Railways are one of the most important sources of GHG emissions in the country,” said NipFP President Ashish Khetan.
“This is especially so given that the sector is responsible for about a third of the total annual greenhouse gas emission.
We were also surprised to see that the emissions of this sector were significantly lower than the national average, indicating that this sector contributes significantly less to the global GHG picture.”
India’s national economy accounts for about 13% of global GDP and the railways account for almost 20% of India in terms of carbon emissions.
According to Nipfp, the railway industry is responsible, in part, for a third to a quarter of the annual GHG emission of the Indian economy, making it the largest GHG polluter in the world.
India’s National Green Tribunal (NGT) in December ruled that the railways were responsible for the pollution caused by coal and oil.
But the ruling is expected to be appealed.
“We would welcome the opportunity to review the ruling in the Supreme Court,” Khetar said.
Railways also play a significant role in the emission of greenhouse gasses and contribute to the emissions from all sectors of the economy, including transportation.
“Our findings show that the rail industry is a large contributor to the CO2 emissions of the entire Indian economy,” said Khetyan.
“The transport sector is also a major source of GHGs that are also a large source of CO2.
India has over 50 million railway workers and a huge number of people travelling in the transport sector, making its contribution to GHG reduction particularly significant.”
The study also found that while the rail sector was responsible for over 70% of all air pollution, it is only one of Indias major contributors to climate change.
“Railway pollution is a major driver of global climate change,” Kptan said.
The NIPDP study found that the number of railways in India is growing, but that there is still a need to expand the network to increase passenger capacity and improve quality of services.”
There is a huge need to address the transportation sector’s role in reducing CO2 pollution.”
The NIPDP study found that the number of railways in India is growing, but that there is still a need to expand the network to increase passenger capacity and improve quality of services.
Railways are the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions globally, and the largest carbon emitters of greenhouse gases globally.That is,…
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